Français Italien Espagnol Allemand

The Martinique

  The history of Martinique is like other islands of the Antilles populated 2,000 years ago by the Arawaks , a peaceful people exterminated some 1,000 years later by the Caribbean among others, belligerent and expansionist .

    Columbus landed in Martinique during his fourth expedition in 1502 on the beach Carbet . In 1635 Belain Esnambuc landed in Carbet and began the colonization of the island. They founded the city of Fort Royal, today Fort-de-France , in 1669 .
Sugarcane developed considerably at the end of the century. To deal with the production , we brought in African slaves and convicts . The English also an interest in Martinique , resulting in many conflicts and a period of more or less marked occupation between 1762 and 1848.

In 1802 Josephine de Beauharnais, born in Trois Ilets and wife Napoleon Bonaparte, was made empress. May 22, 1848 Victor Schoelcher abolished slavery in Martinique . More than 70,000 slaves were freed .

     May 8, 1902 , the eruption of Mount Pelee completely destroyed the city of Saint -Pierre , the "Little Paris" of the Caribbean. Its 30 000 inhabitants perished all , with the exception of an individual detained in prison . Fort-de-France became the capital of the island. Since 1946 , Martinique is a French overseas department and today it is also part of the European Union.

Martinique Martinique - A beautiful country

    The Martinique has 400 000 inhabitants. The population of the island is "plural " . Thus coexist blacks and mulattoes ( descendant of unions between whites and blacks ) , coolies or Hindus, descendants of Indians from India, brought in 1853 to work the land instead of freed black slaves , and lastly, bekes , white Creoles who descended from early settlers and Europeans are still today a key group by its socio- economic importance .

    For walkers who will take the hiking trails through the rainforest in the middle of gigantic ferns and flowers shimmering , venture into the gorges of the cliff combining walking, swimming and pleasure, creates an atmosphere as an adventure film . The adventurer this time it's you !

    To explore the seabed full of magical event and operate the majestic sea tasting water sports sail in skiffs , canoeing , surfing or traveling the coast with a jet ski or a motorized fishing boat

Martinique - Creole dishes

For gourmets Tantalize your taste buds playing with sweet and sour , enjoy a conch , or fish blaff after a fierce advocate.
Enjoy lobster fritters after small cod or crab and end up eating a white coconut . Make the rum route and visit a few distilleries in Martinique whose big names Neisson, JM, Clément, Dillon, 3 Rivières, Saint James, La Mauny... "Rhum péyi nou".

    From December to mid- June is the dry season, the fast . From late June to late November , the rainy season, the rainy season. The rains are more or less marked during the transition periods . During Lent , the weather is usually beautiful, the flow of steady trade winds, the days are hot and humid and benefit from a weaker trade winds .

Because of its diversity, Martinique offers a warm and total disorientation.